# What should I Learn?

## Operations and Algebraic Thinking

How to solve addition and subtraction word problems in situations of adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing (e.g., a taking from situation would be: “Five apples were on the table. I ate some apples. Then there were three apples. How many apples did I eat?”).

How to add fluently with a sum of 10 or less, and accurately subtract from a number 10 or less (e.g., 2 + 5, 7 – 5).

Understand the relationship between addition and subtraction.

## Number and Operations in Base Ten

How to understand what the digits mean in two-digit numbers (place value).

How to use my understanding of place value and properties of operations to add and subtract (e.g., 38 + 5, 29 + 20, 64 + 27, 80 – 50).

How to understand and identify the value of pennies, nickels and dimes.

## Measurement and Data

How to measure lengths of objects by using a shorter object as a unit of length.

How to tell and write time.

## Geometry

How to make composite shapes by joining shapes together, and dividing circles and rectangles into halves or fourths.

## Operations and Algebraic Thinking

Solve challenging addition and subtraction word problems with one or two steps (e.g., a “one-step” problem would be: “Lucy has 23 fewer apples than Julie. Julie has 47 apples. How many apples does Lucy have?”).

Fluently add with a sum of 20 or less (e.g., 11 + 8); fluently subtract from a number 20 or less (e.g., 16 – 9); and know all sums of one-digit numbers from memory by the end of the year.

Work with equal groups of objects to gain foundations for multiplication.

## Number and Operations in Base Ten

Understand what the digits mean in three-digit numbers (place value).

Use an understanding of place value to add and subtract three-digit numbers (e.g., 811 – 367); add and subtract two-digit numbers fluently (e.g., 77 – 28).

## Measurement and Data

Solve addition and subtraction word problems involving length (e.g., “The pen is 2 cm longer than the pencil. If the pencil is 7 cm long, how long is the pen?”).

Tell time.

Count money.

## Geometry

Build, draw, and analyze 2-D and 3-D shapes to develop foundations for area, volume, and geometry in later grades

**.**Divide shapes into equal shares to build the foundations for fractions in later grades.

# FREE Top Apps and Sites

**URL:** http://pbskids.org/apps/prankster-planet.html

The Pranksters are reversing all the words on Earth with their dastardly Reverse-a-Balls! Complete a series of eight quests to turn off all of the Reverse-a-Ball machines and save the words on Earth!

- Side-scrolling play and exploration in a 2D platformer world
- 8 unique quests with math curriculum woven throughout
- An avatar creator with many customization options
- Collectible rewards
- Math learning fun with graphs, charts and data analysis challenges

Greg Tang Math strives to provide unparalleled math lessons for students.

**URL: **https://www.khanacademy.org/

Khan Academy is on a mission to give a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. Their personalized learning resources are available for all ages. Video learning segments are followed by practice activities.

**URL: **http://www.mathplayground.com/

More than 425 math games, logic puzzles, and brain workouts for students to practice their math skills.

**URL: **https://xtramath.org/#/home/index

Xtramath is like a daily math vitamin. An interactive online tool that helps students practice and master basic arithmetic facts, it’s quick and easy to use. Weekly emails provide progress reports for teachers and parents.

# Grade – 1

## Math Stories

## Counting Crocodiles

*by Judy Sierra and Will Hillenbrand (11: 37)*

Counting Crocodiles is about a smart little monkey who pretends she wants to count the cool **crocodiles**, but she actually wants them to help her reach a tasty treat.

## Chicka Chicka Boom Boom 1 2 3

*by Bill Martin Jr. (14:01)*

A counting-book companion to Martin and Ehlert’s **Chicka**, **Chicka**, **Boom**, **Boom**

## Kindergarten Count to 100

*by Jacqueline Rogers (4:31)*

Petey counts his way through the day using everything from his crayons to his footsteps.

Pete the Cat and the Missing Cupcakes

*by Kimberly and James Dean (4:20)*

Pete the cat and his friends are busy as can be baking cupcakes for a party, and Pete can’t wait to perform with his groovy band but some of the cupcakes have gone missing!

Fish Eyes

*by Lois Ehlert (3:29)*

A book you can count on!

Ten Black Dots

*by Donald Crews (4:11)*

What can you do with ten black dots? A counting book.

Benny’s Pennies

*by Pat Brisson (6:07)*

Benny McBride starts his day with five new pennies and is determined to spend them all.

Shape Spotters

*by Megan Bryant (5:04)*

Miss Carey’s class is looking for shapes in their school.

Leaping Lizards

*by Stuart J. Murphy (7:59)*

The show is about to begin, but where are all the lizards?

The Best Vacation

*by Stuart J. Murphy (5:59)*

This family needs a vacation, but they don’t know where to go.

Pattern Fish

*by Trudy Harris (3:02)*

Patterns are found in math, reading, and science, art, music, dance and poetry—and in the world all around us!

Bear Counts

*by Karma Wilson (3:15)*

Count along with Bear!

The Napping House

*by Audrey Wood (3:03)*

In the napping house is a cozy bed piled high with a snoring granny, a dreaming child, a dozing dog, snoozing cat, and a slumbering mouse. All is at peace until the appearance of an unexpected visitor.

The Mitten

*by Jan Brett (4:55)*

When Nicki drops his white **mitten** in the snow, he goes on without realizing that it is missing. One by one, woodland animals find **the mitten** and crawl in.

Ten Little Ladybugs

*by Melanie Gerth (1:37)*

In Ten Little Ladybugs, one by one, ten tactile bugs disappear. Where did they all go?

Mouse Count

*by Ellen Stoll Walsh (5:24)*

A hungry snake **counts** ten little **mice** into a jar as he anticipates his dinner. But the clever **mice** outwit the snake as they **count** down from ten.

Freight Train

*by Donald Crews (2:46)*

When a train races by on a track, how many different cars are there? And in how many colors?

Inch by Inch

*by Leo Lionni (2:59)*

The Caldecott Honor winning classic about a brave and clever little worm from beloved picture **book** creator Leo Lionni.

One Fish, Two Fish, Red Fish, Blue Fish

*by Dr. Seuss (8:59)*

A simple rhyming book for beginning readers, with a freewheeling plot about a boy and a girl named Jay and Kay and the many amazing creatures they have for friends and pets.

Ten in the Bed

*by Super Simple Songs (2:51)*

There were ten in the bed and the little one said Roll over, roll over! But who were the ten? And what happened to them all after they rolled out of bed?

Shape by Shape

*by Suze McDonald (1:25)*

What am I?I lived a long, long time ago. I had round eyes… lots of sharp teeth…

# Grade – 2

## Math Stories

Math Attack!

*By J. Horton (5:26)*

The viruses are trying to infect the patient. To save the patient you must answer the addition, subtraction, multiplication and division equations correctly.

The Boy Who Loved Math the Improbable Life of Paul Erdȍs

*by Deborah Heiligman (18:33)*

Most people think of mathematicians as solitary, working away in isolation. But that wasn’t what Paul Erdos did. At the age of four, he could ask you when you were born and then calculate the number of seconds you had been alive. But he didn’t learn to butter his own toast until he turned 20. Instead, he traveled around the world, collaborating on an astonishing number of projects and changing the way people everywhere thought about math.

Math Curse

*by Jon Scieszka and Lane Smith (11:05)*

When the teacher tells her class that they can think of almost everything as a math problem, one student acquires a math anxiety which becomes a real curse.

Sunflowers Measure Up!

*By Dianne Ochiltree*

When the students in Mr. Gardner’s third-grade class plant sunflowers for their class project, they use measurements for every step.

Multiplying Menace the Revenge of Rumpelstiltskin

*by Pam Calvert*

Rumpelstiltskin is back! This time he’s making mischief with his multiplying stick.

Pigs Will Be Pigs

*by Amy Axelrod (9:28)*

The Pig family is hungry and Mr. Pig’s wallet is empty! The Pigs pitch in on a money hunt, finding coins and bills in drawers, pockets, and even socks.

Apple Fractions

*by Jerry Pallotta (9:44)*

Playful elves use a variety of different apples–including Granny Smiths, Cortlands, Golden Delicious, and Red Delicious–to teach kids all about fractions as they divide apples into halves, thirds, fourths, and more.

The Great Graph Contest

*by Loreen Leedy (6:39)*

When Gonk and Beezy disagree about which one makes the best graphs, Chester says that they need to have a **contest** so that he can pick the winner.

Fraction Action

*by Loreen Leedy (11:40)*

Romping through boldly colored panels of art, a congenial cast of animal characters helps introduce the concept of fractions.

Bunny Money

*by Rosemary Wells (7:15)*

Ruby hatches a well-intentioned plan to do something nice for her grandmother. Ruby takes her little brother, Max, along to buy Grandma a dazzling birthday present. But Max has ideas of his own, which include stopping for lunch and purchasing vampire teeth “”with oozing cherry syrup inside”” for Grandma.

The Doorbell Rang

*by Pat Hutchins (2:47)*

Each time the doorbell rings, there are more people who have come to share Ma’s wonderful cookies.

Give Me Half

*by Stuart J. Murphy (4:13)*

When a boy tries to eat a whole pizza without sharing half with his sister, it’s not pretty. Of course, she isn’t too keen on sharing her juice or cupcakes. With a little adult prodding, however, they soon learn the benefits of sharing and split everything in half, including clean-up chores.

The Grapes of Math

*by Greg Tang (8:42)*

This seminal picture book introduces children to a better way of learning math by encouraging them to use creativity and common sense to solve problems, rather than rote procedures and memorization.

What’s Your Angle Pythagoras?

*by Julie Ellis (10:55)*

Pythagoras’ curiosity takes him from Samos to Alexandria, where he meets a builder named Neferheperhersekeper, who introduces him to the right angle. While building, Pythagoras uses geometry to learn how to measure angles and discovers all he needs to know about right triangles.

Sir Cumference and the First Round Table a Math Adventure

*by Cindy Neuschwander (3:07)*

Join Sir Cumference, Lady Di of Ameter, and their son Radius for wordplay, puns, and problem solving in this geometry-packed math adventure. King Arthur was a good ruler, but now he *needs*a good ruler. What would you do if the neighboring kingdom were threatening war? Naturally, you’d call your strongest and bravest knights together to come up with a solution.

Division: A Remainder of One

*by Elinor J. Pinczes (9:04)*

Poor Joe! He wants to march in the parade, but every time the lines are uneven, he must stand aside. What’s **a** poor bug to do?

Grandfather Tang’s Story

*by Ann Tompert (9:25)*

Grandfather Tang and Little Soo create a story using their tangrams about two fox fairies who have the ability to change into the shapes of any animals they choose.

Caps for Sale

*by Esphyr Slobodkina (12:59)*

A tale of a peddler and a band of mischievous monkeys is filled with warmth, humor, and simplicity and also teaches children about problem and resolution.