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For Educators

Educators are responsible for creating and cultivating best practices in literacy instruction. What is taught, and more importantly, how it is taught, will leave lasting impacts on students both in and out of the classroom. Access these resources to support literacy instruction.

Amber Nichols Video

Featured Video

2023 West Virginia Teacher of the Year Amber Nichols discusses a few components of Phonological and Phonemic Awareness and demonstrates how to implement them in the classroom.

Interested in following along?

Download The Lesson Plan

Comprehension – Building Knowledge

Guide to Building Knowledge and Accessing Prior Knowledge from CCSSO
Use this helpful, in-depth list of resources to build knowledge and vocabulary as well as assist with accessing prior knowledge.

Knowledge Matters Campaign
Compelling easy-to-read information on why knowledge is a pillar of the Science of Reading


Developing Fluent Readers | Reading Rockets
Discover ideas to teach beginning readers to become fluent, maintain on-level fluency, and improve fluency for struggling readers.

Teaching Oral Reading Fluency to Older Students/Source-Reading Rockets Site
Read this short article about the importance and efficacy of having older students engage in Oral Reading Fluency.

Understanding and Teaching Reading Fluency in Your Classroom – Waterford.org
Learn five fluency activities for elementary students

Foundational Skills Instruction

Reading Foundational Skills/PBS Kids Learning Media
Engage with these high quailty, free lesson plans and resources for teaching foundational reading skills.

— PBs and GBH Educational Foundation . (2023). Foundational reading skills. PBS LearningMedia. Retrieved January 6, 2023, from https://wv.pbslearningmedia.org/subjects/english-language-arts-and-literacy/reading-foundational-skills/

Phonological Awareness

44 Phonemes
Free video resource for teachers to support modeling the correct letter sounds. Using correct pronunciation of the 44 phonemes in the English alphabet is critical when teaching our youngest learners.


Literacy Lifelines for America’s English Language Arts Teachers – Fordham Institute
Learn more about choosing appropriately complex texts, building knowledge, close reading, expanding vocabulary, and scaffolding to give all students access to grade-level text.

— Griffith, D., & Northern, A. M. (Eds.). (2018). Literacy Lifelines for America’s English Language Arts Teachers.

NWEA – Taking the Complexity Out of Complex Texts
Learn how to scaffold students’ access to complex text

Science of Reading

At a Loss for Words: How a Flawed Idea is Teaching Millions of Kids to be Poor Readers; Emily Hanford published by APM Reports
Learn more about the history of The Science of Reading, the dangers of “Balanced Literacy” and “3-cueing” and why “The Reading Wars” are over.

Science of Reading: Defining Guide (E-Book)
Use this free download and learn more about The Science of Reading. Explore scientifically-based research and evidence of how reading is processed in the brain.

The Settled Science of Teaching Reading; Whitepaper published by Collaborative Classroom
Learn about why The Science of Reading components are considered “settled science” and what that should look like in the classroom.

The Science of Reading: Evidence for New Era of Reading Instruction – Whitepaper by Laura Stewart, National Director of The Reading League; published by Zaner-Bloser
Learn more about choosing appropriately complex texts, building knowledge, close reading, expanding vocabulary, and scaffolding to give all students access to grade-level text.

Science of reading-International Dyslexia Association
Discover how the science of reading affects dyslexia.

Text Complexity

Reading Between the Lines/ ACT Report
Learn more about student difficulty with reading tests and the importance of teaching with challenging grade-level texts.

Tim Shanahan – Research – Should We Teach Students At Their Reading Levels?
Shares research on why we should not be teaching with leveled texts



Writing to Read: Evidence for How Writing Can Improve Reading – Carnegie Corporation of New York
Use this in-depth report to substantiate and support your instructional practice in demonstrating how writing can improve reading.

Graham, S., and Hebert, M. A. (2010). Writing to read: Evidence for how writing can improve
reading. A Carnegie Corporation Time to Act Report. Washington, DC: Alliance for Excellent Education.

PBS Kids Learning Media
High Quality, free lesson plans and resources for writing

Writing Instruction in the Era of Higher Standards Unbounded – Judith Hochman
Common misconceptions and how to fix them when teaching writing in an integrated classroom

Video Resources

The Science of Reading for Educators

Grade Level: All
Pillars: Phonemic Awareness, Phonics, Fluency, Vocabulary, Comprehension, Writing

Ready, Read, Write, West Virginia – Campaign Introduction

Grade Level: All
Pillar: N/A

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness: Amber Nichols

Grade Level: PreK – 2
Pillar: Phonemic Awareness

Download the Lesson Plan

Upcoming Video Resources:

  • Science of Reading: Phonics
  • Science of Reading: Fluency
  • Science of Reading: Vocabulary
  • Science of Reading: Comprehension
  • Science of Reading: Writing

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Young Hispanic family of four sitting on the sofa reading a book together in their living room

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Teacher & Students reading together

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